The following information is attributed to Dr Jenny Streit-Horn (2011), University of North Texas, United States, and full acknowledgement is accredited to her:
ADC is a spontaneous phenomenon in which a living person has a feeling or sense of direct contact with a deceased person.
ADC may occur as any of the following types – alone or in combination: visual, auditory, tactile, sense of presence, olfactory, dream, symbolic (song on radio, butterfly), deathbed vision (nearing-death awareness), and telephone. Dream ADC may be the most common – and might be better termed “sleep” ADC because people who report ADC (ADCrs) often report the “dream” was actually real or was more real than typical dreams.
According to 35 research studies between 1894 and 2006 involving over 50,000 people from around the world:
- Both bereaved and non-bereaved, but bereaved more than non-bereaved; about 3/4 of people within one year of the death of a loved one.
- Both sexes, with women reporting more ADC than men.
- People of all ages, with older people perhaps slightly more likely.
- People of all nationalities, with those from ADC-affirming cultures reporting more.
- People of all ethnicities, with some perhaps slightly more than others.
- People of all educational and socio-economic levels.
- People of all religious affiliations and practices. People no matter what their physical condition or mental condition.
People usually find ADC to be beneficial, and use descriptive words like pleasant, positive, mystical, serene, elating, helpful, comforting, healing, spiritual and a good experience. Most ADCrs report that as a result of the ADC, they feel reassured and comforted that the deceased continue to exist, and in a state of wellbeing, happiness, and the relational bond of love between the ADCr and the deceased continues, albeit in different form.
People sometimes experience distress related to ADC, almost always fear and confusion from lack of information or misinformation about ADC rather than from the contents or experience of the ADC itself. Reports of ADC do diminish over the course of time following a death, however there have been instances where ADC has occurred many years after the death (Knight, 2011). Although ADCs are usually spontaneous, they can be facilitated through the use of a psychomanteum (Raymond Moody, Renuions: Visionary encounters with departed loved ones, 1994) and Induced After-Death Communication (Botkin & Hogan, 2005, http://induced-adc.com/).